The 2016 Digital Cities Survey results are in. Dozens of cities were selected by a judging panel at the Center for Digital Government as the most strategic, efficient, and innovative guardians of public-sector tech in the nation. The top-ranked cities will receive an award at the National League of Cities’ annual conference in Pittsburgh.

The first-place winners in five population categories are: Los Angeles, California; Virginia Beach, Viirginia; Durham, North Carolina; Roanoke, Virginia; and Tamarac, Florida. Judges evaluated the survey submissions of each city by considering 10 key characteristics of a digital city: open, mobile, engaged, collaborative, secure, staffed/supported, connected, efficient, resilient, and innovative. And the six criteria by which the responses were evaluated are: city priorities supported by ICT; demonstrated return on investment; progress over the previous year; creative/innovative approaches; effective collaboration; and successful measures of transparency, privacy, and security.