Device Independence

The explanation of device independence from W3C is as follows: "At it's inception, virtually the only way to access the Web was through a personal computer or workstation. While there were lots of variations, accessing the Web almost always involved using a modern computer with a reasonably large color display. Computers may still be the primary means of accessing the Web, but in recent years the number of different kinds of devices accessing the Web has grown by leaps and bounds. Mobile phones, personal digital assistants, eBook readers, television systems, voice response systems, music players, kiosks, digital picture frames, in-car navigation systems and even domestic appliances are all starting to access the Web more and more. Device Independence refers to the goal of having a single Web that is accessible from any of these devices." Source: W3C, http://www.w3.org/standards/webofdevices/independence

The process of making a software application be able to function on a wide variety of devices regardless of the local hardware on which the software is used. Usually based upon the usage of Hardware Abstraction Layers that provide a common interface to hardware resources such as memory, CPU, the OS, and attached devices. Often implemented as Virtual Machine architectures. The Common Object Request Boracker Architecture (CORBA), the Java Virtual Machine (JVM), and the Windows Hardware Abstraction are common examples of device independence. Source: Object Management Group and Java Development Community

OGC Geo4NIEM Testbed

Validate and provide recommendations to enhance National Information Exchange Model (NIEM) 3.0 architecture related to the Intelligence Community (IC) data encoding specifications (i.e., ISM, NTK, and TDF) aligned to Open Geospatial Consortium's (OGC) Testbed 9 work.

Provide recommendations to enable full-round-tripping from NIEM information exchange packages (IEP) to Geography Markup Language (GML) features and back to provide a comprehensive view of NIEM and GML capabilities and to document NIEM architectural gaps. 

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Law Enforcement Event Deconfliction

Interconnect RISSafe, Case Explorer, and SAFETNet instances to create a nationwide event deconfliction system.

Leverage existing system implementations and use of information sharing standards (NIEM, LEXS).

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Cross-border Trusted Information Sharing

This effort plans to address cross-border information sharing between Canada and US emergency management mission partners. Standardized information sharing will provide the mission partners across the borders to maintain and reach back into the situation awareness information, and where conditions match, a standardized message generated and sent based on pre-defined policies (rules). The goal of the project is to validate and enhance the IEF architecture.

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Maritime Information Sharing Environment

Enabling the free flow of information. The Maritime Information Sharing Environment (MISE) as defined in the National Maritime Architecture Plan enables secure, standardized sharing of maritime information among a wide variety of federal, state, and local agencies as well as international participants.

Providing secure access to information. The design of MISE interface security has followed a number of patterns used in the U.S. Department of Justice’s Global Federated Identity and Privilege Management (GFIPM).

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Incident Management Information Sharing (DHS S&T)

Current systems that are implemented to support the emergency management community are typically developed using proprietary data models that may inhibit information sharing. The IMIS Framework recommends an architecture where standard information encodings and standard data services are implemented in the IMIS-compliant systems to support the necessary data exchanges and improve overall interoperability between systems holding information and systems supporting consumers of the information.

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Corrections Information Sharing

The primary goal of the combined project is to develop, test, and implement a standards-based offender information sharing capability between departments of correction and community service providers and government agencies who seek to reduce recidivism and victimization and who are tasked with providing support and supervision of adult offenders during reentry, with particular focus on offenders with mental health and substance abuse issues.

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New Jersey Statewide Information Sharing Environment (NJ-ISE)

The NJ-ISE project involves:
  • Enabling the free flow of information in support of statewide law enforcement, homeland security, and emergency management missions to prevent, mitigate, respond to, investigate, and recover from all man-made and natural hazards.
  • Providing secure access to information and actionable intelligence for participating agencies, across the public and private sectors, to better assure the safety and security of New Jersey communities.
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